Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use book. Happy reading Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Pocket Guide.
Account Options

Controversial commentaries are acceptable, as are ones expressing contrasting opinions.

  1. Production, Management and Use.
  2. Aesthetics of the Virtual (SUNY series in Contemporary Italian Philosophy).
  3. Log in to Wiley Online Library;
  4. Reading Duncan reading : Robert Duncan and the poetics of derivation.

In most cases, these will be invited, but suggestions and unsolicited submissions will be considered by the Editor. Review Process A peer review system is used to ensure high quality of manuscripts accepted for publication. The Editor-in-Chief and Editors have the right to decline formal review of the manuscript when it is deemed that the manuscript is 1 on a topic outside the scope of the Journal, 2 lacking technical merit, 3 fragmentary and provides marginally incremental results, 4 is poorly written or 5 is not innovative, or closely duplicates research previously published by the author.

Manuscripts which meet the journal's criteria for scope, relevance and scientific quality will be sent for peer review to at least two qualified reviewers, assigned by the Editor. The review will be conducted against established criteria to determine technical quality. Reviewers each submit a recommendation regarding the merit of the manuscript, but the Editor provides the final decision on acceptance of the paper for publication.

Submission checklist You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review.

Recommended for you

Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. Declaration of interest All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence bias their work. Authors must disclose any interests in two places: 1. A summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file if double-blind or the manuscript file if single-blind.

If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted. Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Declaration of Interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches. More information. Preprints Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy.

Sharing your preprints e. Changes to authorship Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author : a the reason for the change in author list and b written confirmation e-mail, letter from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.

In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions.

Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author s must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source s in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases. Author rights As an author you or your employer or institution have certain rights to reuse your work.

If the funding source s had no such involvement then this should be stated. Open access This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:. Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

The food database

Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article such as a translation , include in a collective work such as an anthology , text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author s , do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation. Green open access Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available.

We recommend authors see our open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications.

Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more. This journal has an embargo period of 12 months.

Data processing

Language usage and editing services Please write your text in good English American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these. Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's Author Services. LaTeX You are recommended to use the Elsevier article class elsarticle.

Our LaTeX site has detailed submission instructions, templates and other information. Subdivision - numbered sections Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1. Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Material and methods Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher.

Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described. A minimum of three individual samples must be analysed for each reported mean value, along with some indication of variability. When only one or two samples have been analysed, notwithstanding the number of replicates, authors should present the normal precision of their assays and then report the mean without a standard deviation.

Data must be reported to the appropriate number of significant digits for that precision and instrumental sensitivity. Discussion This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Appendices If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.

Lecture 5: Food Composition (Nutritional Priorities with Dr. Israetel)

Users can query the database to generate mean levels and ranges of nutritional components in various crop species. Environmental factors such as soil type and temperature can impact the levels of important nutrients in plants, and the moisture content can vary based on field conditions at harvest and when samples are handled. The database includes features that allow the user to retrieve a subset of data for samples produced in a specific year or location, and the analyte search filter can be applied to retrieve a pre-determined subset of data.

However, the analytical rigor required for data submitted to the ILSI-CCDB means that sample testing is expensive, and so it is not surprising that most data has been provided at no charge by the private sector, and for a very limited range of crops. The ILSI Research Foundation is committed to including data for other crop species, particularly of important staple foods.

For such data to become available, public sector breeding programs, as well as breeding programs run by small and medium private firms, must be able to submit data, but it is also essential to ensure that data for new crops are verifiable and robust. Resolving how to balance these imperatives remains a significant challenge.

The goal and objectives are to strengthening the development of national and regional food composition data FCD with high quality, adequate quantity and accessibility to the users. A number of proficiency testing schemes for laboratories were organised and few reference materials for food analysis were developed. The specific objectives of the first workshop, from December , were to develop a quality evaluation system draft guideline for assessing the quality of published national FCTs in ASEAN countries and to develop action plan for succeeding workshop and future activities.

The latter activity has commenced in Thailand, to be followed by Malaysia and Philippines. Recent activities are as follows: Malaysia continued with its new phase of compilation and documentation of the laboratory analyses of nutrients by participating institutions through a web-based system for data generators, data compilers and data users. New food data, focusing on indigenous fruits and vegetables, are being generated, compiled, checked and evaluated until the end of the 3rd quarter of Food composition data for new food items and missing data are being developed.

Many current and important public health challenges are linked to food and nutrition. The U. Central to accomplishing this task is tracking the nutritional status of Americans, and this requires knowledge of the composition of the food system. Although the USDA has maintained food composition records since the early twentieth century, the task today is greatly complicated by the volume and fluidity of the food supply. Today there are more than 25, food manufacturers in the US who produce more than 20, new food and beverage products each year.

The USDA Branded Food Products Database is seamlessly integrated into the existing USDA National Nutrient Database, and ensures that these data elements are publicly available to those who will utilize them, such as federal agencies, the research community, international databases, proprietary databases and end users, the food industry, and consumers. All data will be archived; historical data on food products will allow for tracking dietary trends. Different countries have FCDBs that are appropriate and relevant to the foods consumed in that setting.

Special order items

Since this has been updated several times, and the latest in the update is the 7th Summary Edition [4]. This version provides comprehensive data on all food groups, and includes nutrient data for over 1, of the most commonly consumed foods in the UK. Similarly, other countries have their own FCDBs, with key information about them often available via the internet. In nutritional research, FCDBs are critical to convert reported food intakes into energy and nutrients.

It is important to understand their potential limitations. The potential sources of error in food composition values may be random or systematic, and all such errors add additional uncertainty to the calculated nutrient intakes [5]. Limitations in the use of food composition databases can involve the following seven domains:. Food composition values represent the total amount of the constituent in the food, rather than the amount actually absorbed in the body.

As a consequence, the potential bioavailability of nutrients in the local diet should be considered when nutrient intake data are assessed. Foods exhibit natural variation in the amount of nutrients they contain The level of certain nutrients in some foodstuffs will not differ between countries, but for other nutrients, factors such as those listed below may affect nutrient content [6]:. In addition, recipes for the same composite dish may vary both within and between countries, as might fortification practices e. For example, in contrast to many European countries, the selenium content of foods is higher in the United States and Canada due to the higher selenium levels in the soil, while levels are particularly low in New Zealand.

Ideally, each country should compile its own food composition database. Natural variation in nutrient contents also exists within food types:. The nutrient composition of meat products can vary greatly depending on the proportion of lean to fat tissue. The ratio between the two also affects levels of most other nutrients. Storage conditions can affect the water content of plant foods.

Changes in water content are associated with changes in all other constituents mainly as a result of changes in nutrient density. Trace elements are affected by husbandry conditions, soil composition and fertiliser use. The natural variation in nutrient content of cereal products e. However, as with other foods, fertiliser and soil type produce some variation in mineral content.

Different fortification practices in some countries markedly affect micronutrient levels such as B vitamins, folate, iron and calcium. For example:. The nutritional content of processed foods and composite dishes varies greatly. Processed foods change in formulation and production and the introduction of reduced-energy, saturated fat and salt versions of standard foods mean that databases need to be continuously updated. Common foods such as mayonnaise, muesli and sausages vary by brand and many supermarkets have introduced their own brands with different formulations and fortification levels.

Composite dishes show great variation mostly due to differences in recipes and actual cooking method. The number of dietary items e. It is unlikely that a database can be comprehensive for more than a short period. New foods are constantly introduced to the market and although modern databases can hold information on a large number of different foods, only a limited number of foods can be practically included in a database. Ideally, food composition databases should include complete data on all nutrients known or thought to be important to human nutrition.

However, this can rarely be achieved. Factors such as the availability of reliable analytical methods, the availability of existing data, health concerns in a given country and hence priorities given to certain nutrients as well as national and international labelling regulations are all determinants of the coverage of nutrients in a database. Nutrition values declared on food labels include a tolerable margin, and as such, using values obtained from food packaging may add a degree of error to the food composition databases.

Furthermore, some countries have different guidelines. In the UK the acceptable level of tolerance permitted for macronutrients decreases as the level of the macronutrient in a product increases see Table D. A number of variations in terminology and analysis between countries can result in different values for nutrients for the same food and hence total intakes.

Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use
Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use
Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use
Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use
Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use
Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use

Related Food Composition Data: Production, Management and Use

Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved